Annex C Sps Agreement

Members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) have established a framework of rules and guidelines for veterinary procedures for the control, inspection and authorization of international trade in animals and animal products. Article 8 and Annex C of the Convention on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) form the core of this mechanism to help Members achieve their two objectives of protecting animal health and facilitating trade security through a series of detailed disciplines. The issue of veterinary control, inspection and authorization procedures regularly resurfaces in the deliberations of the Committee on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures, for example when members raise new trade-related concerns or decide to revisit this aspect in the context of regular revisions of the SPS Agreement. The WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement (2017) aimed at expediting the movement of goods and the clearance of goods has led to better design and practical implementation of border procedures, in particular veterinary control procedures. In many cases, the entry into force of the Trade Facilitation Agreement has also improved the visibility and resources allocated to border control measures, including in the context of international assistance. These processes open up new perspectives in order to raise awareness not only among customs authorities, but also animal health authorities and sanitary and phytosanitary authorities and to improve coordination between these different bodies and organisations. (d) the accession and participation of the Member or entities concerned in its territory in international and regional sanitary and phytosanitary organizations and systems, as well as in bilateral and multilateral agreements and arrangements falling within the scope of this Convention, and the wording of such agreements and arrangements. 3. This Convention is without prejudice to the rights of Members under other international instruments, including the right to use the good offices or dispute settlement mechanisms of other international organizations or established under an international agreement.

Desiring to develop the application of harmonized sanitary and phytosanitary measures among Members on the basis of international standards, guidelines and recommendations developed by relevant international organizations, including the Codex Alimentarius Commission, the International Office of Epizootics and relevant international and regional organizations acting under the International Plant Protection Convention, without the need for members to change their appropriate measures; the level of protection of human, animal or plant life or health; 3. Each Member shall ensure that there is an enquiry point responsible for answering all reasonable questions from interested Members and providing relevant documentation on the following matters: Least-developed country Members may request the application of the provisions of this Agreement for a period of five years after the entry into force of the WTO Agreement with respect to their sanitary or phytosanitary measures; that affect imports, deferred or imported products. Other developing countries that are Members may defer for two years the application of the provisions of this Agreement, with the exception of Articles 5(8) and 7, with respect to their existing sanitary or phytosanitary measures concerning imported or imported products, if such application is prevented by a lack of technical expertise; infrastructure or technical resources. NOTE: A pest- or disease-free zone may surround, surround or adjacent to an area, whether it is an area located in part of a country or in a geographical region comprising parts or all of several countries where a particular pest or disease is known to be present but subject to regional control measures such as the establishment of protection. Surveillance zones and buffer zones that limit or eradicate the pest or disease concerned. 3. Exporting Members which assert that the areas of their territory are pest- or disease-free areas or areas with a low prevalence of pests or diseases shall provide the evidence necessary to objectively demonstrate to the importing Member that such areas are and are likely to remain pest- or disease-free zones or areas with low prevalence of pests or diseases; respectively. To this end, the importing Member shall be granted, upon request, adequate access to inspections, tests and other relevant procedures. 1. Members agree to facilitate the provision of technical assistance to other Members, in particular developing countries, either bilaterally or through relevant international organizations. Such assistance may take the form of, inter alia, treatment, research and infrastructure technologies, including the establishment of national regulatory bodies, and may take the form of advice, credit, grants and grants, including for the purpose of seeking technical expertise, training and equipment to enable those countries to adapt to and comply with the necessary sanitary or phytosanitary measures; achieve the appropriate level of sanitary or phytosanitary protection in their country.

Export. 5. Where there is no international standard, guideline or recommendation, or where the content of a proposed sanitary or phytosanitary regulation is not substantially identical to the content of an international standard, guideline or recommendation, and the Regulations may have a significant impact on the trade of other Members, the procedure applicable to the modified product shall be limited to the extent necessary; what is necessary to determine whether there is sufficient confidence that the product still complies with the applicable rules; and 3. International standards, guidelines and recommendations (b) Members on the disclosure of confidential information that would impede the application of sanitary or phytosanitary legislation or would prejudice the legitimate business interests of certain enterprises. . 2. Where a member state of an exporting developing country requires significant investment to meet the sanitary or phytosanitary requirements of an importing member, the importing member shall consider providing technical assistance to enable the developing country member to maintain and expand its market access opportunities for the product concerned. 2. When carrying out the risk assessment, Members shall take into account the available scientific evidence; relevant production processes and methods; relevant inspection, sampling and testing methods; the prevalence of certain diseases or pests; presence of pest- or disease-free areas; relevant ecological and ecological conditions; and quarantine or any other treatment. (b) protect human or animal life or health in the territory of the Member State against risks arising from additives, contaminants, toxins or pathogenic organisms in food, beverages or feed; 5.

With a view to achieving a consistent application of the concept of an adequate level of sanitary or phytosanitary protection against risks to human life or health or to human and animal life or health, each Member shall avoid arbitrary or unjustified differences in the levels it considers appropriate in different situations: where such distinctions give rise to discrimination or a disguised restriction of international trade. Members shall cooperate within the Committee referred to in Article 12(1), (2) and (3) to develop guidelines for the practical implementation of this provision. In developing the guidelines, the Committee shall take into account all relevant factors, including the exceptional nature of the risks to human health to which humans voluntarily expose themselves. (e) any requirement for the control, inspection and approval of individual specimens of a product is limited to what is reasonable and necessary; 1. . . .

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